When in 1812 the young and intrepid explorer Anglo Swiss John Lewis Burckhardt discovered the ruins of Petra, he was probably the first to do so after the Crusaders, when he saw a glimpse of the ancient city after travelling hundreds of miles in very difficult conditions and sometimes hostile territories. He got here just by pure chance, in fact he had been asked by an erudite British association to explore this region and it was during these explorations he was aware of the existence of these remarkable monuments.
Its origin, like that of many other cities of the desert, was certainly a source among the rocks near which intersected the most important trade routes. The site, which covers a very large area, is located in the midst of mountains exceeding sometimes even a thousand meters, occupies a corner of the Great Rift Valley, which, from the Sea of Galilee in the north, towards the Dead Sea and continues south to the Gulf of Aqaba, Jordan's only seaport.
The mountains of Petra are of red sandstone, white and brown. And here that the river flows through Wadi Mousa's natural barrier to the Wadi Araba. Its source 'in the nearby Ain Mousa, where God ordered to Moses three times to beat the stick in the ground, thus giving rise to the three pools of water. Nearby, namely the top of the mountain Jabal Haroon, is the tomb of Aaron (Moses' brother), and it was under the guise of wanting to celebrate a sacrifice on this site that Burckhardt was able to overcome the reluctance of his guide in the lead at this site.
The Wadi Mousa, which in winter becomes a great river, it was obviously of vital importance to Petra, in whose territory they were found tanks of all ages and sizes: the water allowed the inhabitants to live in what would otherwise have been only a bare and hostile desert. The valley through which passed through, formed the natural way for merchants coming from the Gulf countries, from Bahrain or Kuwait, continued directly to the Mediterranean port of Gaza or to the road from Aqaba reaches Damascus.
These caravans transporting sugar, cotton and spices of all kinds from India and yarns of pure silk and clothes from China. All these factors made of Petra the economic and political center more 'important to the area. Amman, modern city, built on the sands of time, is the capital of Jordan: a fascinating city full of contrasts that blends ancient and modern in a unique way, situated on a hilly area located between the desert and the fertile Jordan Valley. In the commercial heart of the city, ultra-modern buildings, hotels, elegant restaurants, art galleries and boutiques rub shoulders comfortably with traditional cafes and small shops of artisans. Anywhere you can find traces of the past city.
Given its present-day prosperity and temperate climate, almost half of Jordan's population is concentrated in the Amman area. The residential suburbs consist of mainly of streets and avenues flanked by elegant houses almost exclusively white, because of a local law that states that all buildings must be coated with the typical local stone. The city center is the oldest and looking more traditional, with small shops that produce and sell all sorts of objects, from beautiful jewelry to furnishings more common.
The people of Amman is cosmopolitan, open to new cultures, educated and extremely hospitable. Welcomes visitors and is proud to be able to show them the wonders of this fascinating and dynamic. The coastal city of Aqaba transmits visitors impressive beauty and grace, and a number of beautiful mountains touch the Red Sea and is reflected in the clear blue waters. Stretching along the northern part of the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aqaba has a length of 180 km . and the Jordanian coast extends for 27 km. The rest of the coast is shared with Egypt, Israel and Saudi Arabia; doing a boat trip the visitor has an exceptional view of the banks of all four nations.
The Gulf of Aqaba is renowned throughout the world as the Paradise of the Tourist, full of nature and adventure, is home to about 110 species of soft corals, 120 hard corals and over 1000 species of fish: the sea of Aqaba is the ideal place for diving or scientific exploration, the average water temperature is 23 degrees Celsius, thereby enabling the tourists bathing and diving practically all year round.
The total absence of stormy weather and weak currents help to keep the water crystal clear, one of the environmental conditions of Aqaba; waters warm and clear providing a hospitable environment for the growth of corals and favorable salinity is the ideal habitat for a myriad of marine life. Spectacular coral reefs: Contrary to what many people think, the corals are not plants but very delicate animals, because of their slow growth rate, those that are seen today in the Gulf are centuries old. Besides being a major tourist attraction, coral reefs have an important role in support the survival of various forms of life, thousands of sea creatures coexist in a complex ecosystem that is almost invisible from species to large fish and mammals.
The warm waters of Aqaba provide a perfect environment for the dazzling array of colorful fish, to Because of its clear waters this rainbow of colors can be seen even without the need to enter the sea! The Gulf beaches are also frequented by friendly turtles that spend their time swimming in the midst of a whirlwind of fish. Whales and dolphins often occur for a visit to the Gulf. corals, coral-fish, reptiles and mammals are just some of the many sea creatures that live in the waters of Aqaba, nocturnal animals such as crabs, shrimp and lobsters are approaching in search of food in darkness of the night.
Although the Gulf of Aqaba provides the perfect habitat for more than a thousand species, the current marine ecosystem is fragile and in danger, too much fishing, industrial activities, improper diving (lean on corals or give feed the fish), or drop anchor carelessly threaten the balance of the ecosystem of coral reefs. Divers and tourists can contribute to the protection of this natural treasure created over the centuries, simply conforming to the general rules, you can protect marine life Aqaba for future generations.
For Aqaba lies along the Desert Highway by car in about three and a half hours, or alternatively you can take the Kings' Road in extra time. We also organize coach tours: The Fellowship of Royal Wings has flights Multiple day. In Amman you can also take a "service-taxi" from the roundabout of Al-Sharq Al-Awsat, do not have a scheduled time and leave only when they are full.
The place of the baptism of Jesus Christ in the Jordan is one of the most recent and significant archaeological discoveries and religious as well as the exceptional cultural and spiritual aspect, this place is home to some natural values that make it an exceptional area from eco-tourism point of view.
Bethany beyond the Jordan is a salt marsh and flat and part in the plain of the Jordan River, the main features are: Wadi Kharrar, the largest water system that begins with the church and flowing toward the river and the Jordan River. The site contains numerous flora: aquatic leaves, reeds, papyrus and also various types of frogs, various species of insects, beetles, water and shellfish. Moreover, a considerable number of migratory birds and marsh is present in this area.
Jordan River Basin area have remarkable birds and wetlands, and many birds, mammals and reptiles are in the IUCN red list of the organization regarded as globally threatened species and endangered. The Jordan River: The river banks have a very dense vegetation and provide a refuge for many migratory birds and life to an entire biological community and interdependent. In the river there are about fifteen species of freshwater fish.
The Baptism Site of Bethany beyond the Jordan has many values, in addition to reflecting the diversity of tourism in Jordan as a place archaeological, natural and religious, the discovery of Bethany - after the peace treaty with Israel - is also a dividend of Peace. The historical significance, spiritual and ecological needed a careful and comprehensive project where the constant and almost daily discovery of new treasures had to be accompanied by the exact schedule safety and conservation of antiquities and of the ecological system. Bethany is easily reached in 45 minutes from Amman.
Jordan and the Dead Sea, are coming to light of Byzantine churches and a Roman camp. Jordan, Dead Sea The sunset with tongues of fire that grazes the hills on the other side of the Dead Sea gives a sense of unreality at the end of the excursion to the lowest point on Earth, the Dead Sea, in Arabic Bahr Lut, the "Sea of Lot", with its 407 meters below sea level.
Only 55 km away. away from Amman to achieve this unique place, surrounded by a scenario that could be defined as belonging to another planet. On the way is a milestone that announces "Sea Level", but the real Dead Sea to reach only after falling further than this signal. As its name suggests, it is devoid of life because of the very concentration of salt and minerals: it is these elements to give the water its healing powers known even in the days of Herod the Great, more than 2000 years ago.
the point at which emerge from the water, the rocks appear candid and covered with a thick deposit sparkling and crystal-clear that gives the area a strange look, like landscape of another planet. The heat, the important features of this sea rich in magnesium, sodium, potassium, bromine and many other substances, the particular combination of water, sunlight and air rich in oxygen, the black mud of its banks that cleans the skin perfectly and finally the fresh mineral and thermal waters of the surrounding area make this location a unique loved and sought after by many visitors since ancient times.
Wearing the swimsuit, you are immersed in this heavy water, four times saltier than the common sea water, prevents sinking. Equipment includes currently three modern hotels with therapeutic clinics, fine dining, sports to meet the needs of tourists daily or groups who want to spend the night.
At the most southerly of its basin, namely in Safi, is a factory that with the processing of the product of potassium provides greater export Jordan in the world. Wadi Mujib Wildlife Reserve The Mujib Reserve is located in the lowest depression in the world, with its spectacular views of row near the east coast of the Dead Sea. Reserve is located within the deep Wadi Mujib gorge which enters the Dead Sea at 407 m. below sea level, extends to the Karak and Madaba mountains to the north and the south to 900 m in some places.
This variation in altitude of 1,300 m. combined with perennial water of the valley produced by seven tributaries goes to show that Wadi Mujib enjoys a magnificent biodiversity that is still under study. Over 300 species of plants, 10 of carnivores and numerous species of birds that reside here fixed and other migratory species inhabit the reserve, some mountains and valleys are far more difficult to reach and therefore offer safe haven for rare species of wild cats, goats and other mountain animals. The rock cliffs of sandstone are the Mujib ideal habitat for one of the most beautiful mountain goats in the world: the Ibex.
Herds have thinned due to excessive hunting in easily accessible areas. Mujib is also the home of the Caracal, a medium-sized cat easily distinguished by their long, pointed ears with tufts of hair; agile and strong, it can sometimes be seen in action in the rocky valleys of Mujib using its formidable force in the jumps to catch birds in flight.
The Reserve has two main tracks, The Circular which admits four groups per week with a maximum of 25 people per group; starts at 3 km. from the Mujib Bridge along the Dead Sea and offers five or six hours of hiking and a chance to swim through the water system between the rocks. La Pista Low starting from the same bridge, and offers one or two-hour excursion into the aquatic system chance to swim with the big waterfall, life jackets are provided by the management of the Reserve.
There is a predefined location for camping that can accommodate 25 people per day, has five large tents, barbecue and toilets for campers and visitors. Comes a transport inside especially for luggage. Mujib Natural Reserve is the capital Amman about an hour and a half, the route takes you along the scenic highway that reaches from the Dead Sea Aqaba (Red Sea) to the Mujib Bridge where is the office of the Reserve. Wadi Rum Nature Reserve:
Described well from TE Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) as one of the most stunning desert landscapes in the world, Wadi Rum is a paradise for nature lovers. Climbers can enjoy the challenging climbs - some at 1,750 m. sheer rock cliffs of sandstone - the improvised while hikers will appreciate the peace to the tranquility of panoramic landscapes of towering rock faces and the immense spaces, someone else will probably prefer a walk by camel or a night under the stars in a Bedouin tent. Nature lovers prefer to visit Wadi Rum in the spring when, after the rains, the mountains are filled with green vegetation and producing over 2,000 species of wild flowers.
A good exploration of Wadi Rum must be done in a 4x4 vehicle or a camel caravan and the best way to appreciate its vastness is to go hiking and camping. You can also organize trips by camel from Wadi Rum to Aqaba on the Red Sea and this takes a few days, or at Petra in about a week. Beauty Wadi Rum can be described as stunning and sensuous, one of the most important tourist destinations in Jordan, with an area dotted with charming mountains of sandstone and decorated with a myriad of colors.
Here you will find rare and endemic plants for ecosystem, has been given the highest prominence to the fauna of this area after an inspection to discover the habits of the Gray Wolf, the Fox, of Blandford, the Sand Cat and the Ibex living in Wadi Rum.
A Wadi Rum you get in the car or taxi, from Amman, the fastest route is the Desert Highway, about 300 km. to the south. The air-conditioned coach of the JETT and PETRA have regular daily services to the south of Jordan. nature reserve Dana: Dana Nature Reserve is a world of natural treasures is composed of a chain of valleys and mountains which extend from 'beginning of the Jordan Rift Valley down to the desert lowlands of Wadi Araba. Visitors to this area will be enchanted by the beauty of the mountains Rummana, by the mysterious beauty of the archaeological ruins of Feinan, the eternal serenity of Dana Village and the grandeur of the hills of red and white sandstone of Wadi Dana.
The Reserve contains a remarkable variety of landscapes ranging from mountainous forests to rocky slopes and from gravel plains to sand dunes; Dana also home to a large wildlife including rare species of plants and animals, 600 species of plants, 37 mammals and 190 of birds. The area of Dana Village overlooking the spectacular Wadi Dana is a witness to the presence of human settlements since 4000 B.C. Archaeological explorations carried out show that Paleolithic civilization, Egyptian, Roman and Nabatean were attracted here for the fertility of the soil, water cascades and strategic location.
Nowadays the village is inhabited by the tribe "At Ata ata" who moved here and built during the Ottoman period 400 years ago. services for the visitor: Tourists find here a range of services available in the Reserve including a Guest House at Dana Village, information to the Tower Entrance, tented camps in the areas of Rummana and Feinan, a wide range of hiking trails, a nature shop that sells local produce natural and Visitor's Centre in Dana Village.